CHARLOTTE REINIGER (1899-1981)
Although born as our study of precinema winds down, Reiniger must be mentioned for her contribution in writing, producing and directing her highly entertaining and magical & animated films.
Lottes breakthrough was the development of animated films using a stop-frame technique that provided the illusion of animation by displaying 24 images per second. Her animation techniques included recording puppets operated by a hidden hand, inspired by the shadowplay.
Each of Reiniger's shadow figures was painstakingly cut out by hand and wired together. As an early stopmotion animation, each joint was independently moved and shot. After the filming, the backgrounds were colour tinted.
Reiniger was an animator & artist producing a slew of animated films & shorts in her career. Reiniger is known for inventing the ‘Silhouette Animation’ technique. With 59 directorial credits, we direct you to IMDB for her many other accomplishments @ https://www.imdb.com/name/nm0718201/?ref_=tt_cl_t1
Charlotte Reinigers animation used 1000s of images of paper cut-out silhouettes arranged to tell a plot, predating Walt Disney. ‘Prince Achmed’ alone took 3 years to produce. In the German tongue, Reinigers #animations became known as the 'Silhouetten'.
A close look at any of her work and we see how Reiniger's animation influenced other animators including Mary Blair. Blair came up with ideas for Disney classics like ‘Alice in Wonderland’, ’Sleeping Beauty’ & ’Peter Pan’.
Charlotte Reiniger was also an author. Read her ‘Shadow Puppets, Shadow Theatres, And Shadow Films’ published in 1975, and also part of my bibliography.